Designed to provide students with fundamental knowledge of soil and soil composition. Includes study of soil types, formation factors, physical properties, biological properties, and basic soil chemistry. Units covering tillage, conservation, pH, soil management, plant nutrients, and fertilizer sources are also included. Students gain the skills required to interpret soil test reports and soil survey maps and recognize qualities of various soil types. Students perform soil sampling, residue measurements, compaction assessments, and soil loss determinations per crop rotation guidelines.